In his non-fiction futurist works he predicted the advent of airplanes, military tanks, space travel, nuclear weapons, satellite television and something resembling the world wide web. "Doc" Smith’s first published work, The Skylark of Space written in collaboration with Lee Hawkins Garby, appeared in Amazing Stories. The 1928 publication of Philip Francis Nowlan's original Buck Rogers story, Armageddon 2419, in Amazing Stories was a landmark event.
In 1912, Edgar Rice Burroughs published A Princess of Mars, the first of his three-decade-long series of Barsoom novels, situated on Mars and featuring John Carter as the hero. This story led to comic strips featuring Buck Rogers (1929), Brick Bradford (1933), and Flash Gordon (1934).
The term would continue to be used into the early 20th century for writers such as Olaf Stapledon.
With the dawn of new technologies such as electricity, the telegraph, and new forms of transportation, writers including Jules Verne and H. Wells created a body of work that became popular across broad cross-sections of society.
Brian Aldiss has argued that Frankenstein was the first work of science fiction.