Census records from 1514 reveal that 40% of Spanish men in Santo Domingo were married to Taino women, Christopher Columbus arrived on the island in December 5, 1492, during the first of his four voyages to the Americas.
In 1496 Bartholomew Columbus, Christopher's brother, built the city of Santo Domingo, Western Europe's first permanent settlement in the "New World." The colony thus became the springboard for the further Spanish conquest of America and for decades the headquarters of Spanish colonial power in the hemisphere.
Soon after the largest discovery of gold in the island was made in the cordillera central region, which led to a mining boom.
The name of the country is often shortened to "the D. After initially friendly relationships, the Taínos resisted the conquest, led by the female Chief Anacaona of Xaragua and her ex-husband Chief Caonabo of Maguana, as well as Chiefs Guacanagaríx, Guamá, Hatuey, and Enriquillo.
The latter's successes gained his people an autonomous enclave for a time on the island.
) is a sovereign state located in the island of Hispaniola, in the Greater Antilles archipelago of the Caribbean region.